Lavender (Lavandula) Tea

The lavender, also called Lavandula tea is a very fragrant and aromatic tea, made with lavender flowers. It is usually mixed with green, black or other herbal teas. As the tea is prepared by adding the boiling water to the flowers a nice fragrance can be perceived in the whole room; it is one of the most fragrant teas. One or two teaspoons per cup of boiling water are sufficient to prepare a tea.

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The dried fragrant lavender flowers have the characteristic pink-violet color, which is also called lavender color

When used alone as lavender tea it is slightly bitter, for this reason usually honey and lemon is added. When lemon (or other acid fruit juice) is added the color changes from pale yellow to pink as is illustrated below. This tea can be enjoyed hot or cold. It is a great summer tea! The pictures below are from a tea package I bought in Taiwan, where the use is very common.

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Brewed lavender flowers. The tea color is pale yellow.

The common lavender species  is called Lavandula angustifolia, also called English lavender. Most probably the name lavender comes from the Latin  lavāre, of  lavō, to wash. In the old days the lavender flowers infusions were added to the water to wash the clothes to give a scent. The word lavender and its variations is used in many languages (e.g. French: lavande; German: lavandel; Spanish: lavanda). In Portuguese lavender is called alfazema, a word with Arabian origin.

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Typical lavender teacup made with 2 teaspoons of tea, lemon and honey added.

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Brewed lavender tea. The neat tea with pale yellow color is on the left. The same tea with lemon juice is on the right. There is a nice color change with the addition of lemon.

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Chrysanthemum Tea

Chrysanthemum, is very popular floral tea in Asia. The first time I enjoyed this tea was in China then had many times in Taichung, Taiwan. Hangzhou in China is very famous for the production and use. The Chrysanthemum tea can be enjoyed hot or cold. Many times it is sweetened with honey or rock sugar.

The name Chrysanthemum in Greek means yellow golden flower (chrys+anthemon). There are many types of Chrysanthemum flowers; here I describe the most common tea used in Asia. The petals are light yellow and the multiple carpels are intense yellow.

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Dried Chrysanthemum flowers from Hangzhou, China

The dry yellow flowers are very delicate and have distinct floral fragrance. The flowers must be handled and stored properly to avoid damage and oxidation. Usually the flowers are good for a year from the date of packaging. After this time they start to reduce the smell and the petals are released. The color changes from yellow to light brown.

To brew the tea, a small amount of flowers  (about 10 to 20) are put in a medium teapot and washed briefly with water at 85-90° C (185-194° F). Then tea can brewed with water at 85-90° C. After 2-3 minutes of infusion the tea can be filtered, served in teacups and enjoyed. Sugar or honey can be added to the teapot in small quantities before adding the water. The teapot can be replenished three or more times; it is a tea that has good replenishment characteristics.

The Chrysanthemum tea can be enjoyed also in small cups

The Chrysanthemum tea can be enjoyed also in small cups

The tea has a distinct floral smell and taste is very subtle, it is naturally sweet, refreshing and relaxing. This tea is caffeine free. It can be enjoyed hot or cold as an all day tea or during meals.

Chrysanthemum flowers after brewing

Chrysanthemum flowers after brewing

The brewed flowers are so nice that we can enjoy the beauty of the pictures.

Another detailed picture of the brewed flowers

Another detailed picture of the tea flowers

Tulips, Turkish tea and friendship – Balikesir, Turkey

Recently in Turkey my friends Kemal and Zek gave me a nice gift set of Turkish tulips. The tulips and plates are hand painted with gold and have a pretty nice design, still maintaining the traditional tulip shape and transparency to visualize the Turkish Tea.
On a trip from Izmir to Istanbul we had the opportunity to stop in Balikesir. After dinner we had the tea served in the new tulips and enjoyed hosmerim (cheese pudding), a nice traditional dessert from the area.
That moment of sharing tea with friends is what makes the tea flow beyond the glasses. It is a fluid sharing pipe of peace.
The tea time as recorded in this picture goes beyond the taste, smell and colors. An old saying “the amphora always keep the smell of the first wine” might be true also for the tulips and tea. The smell of the first tea in Balikesir will always be in the tulips.

The three Turkish teas on the new gold painted tulips are ready. The hosmerim is on the right. What a joyful moment.

The three Turkish teas in the gold painted tulips. The hosmerim is on the right. What a joyful and memorable moment.


Freshly brewed tea in the gold painted tulip. On the right the Tukish Delights to complement the tea. One pomegranate-pistachio  another mastiqe-pistachio. Magnificent.

Freshly brewed tea in the gold painted tulip. On the right the Tukish Delights to complement the tea. One pomegranate-pistachio another mastic-pistachio. Magnificent.

What is a Tea? Te, Chay or Cha?

There a lot of definitions of what is a Tea. My version is the following: In sensu stricto, tea is an infusion of the Camellia sinensis leaves and leaf buds. Camellia sinensis is the scientific name of the plant that produces tea. Oolong, green, white and black teas are examples of these teas.

In sensu amplo, the word tea is an infusion of seeds, roots, flowers, bark, fruits, leaves, spices and its combinations. It is common to call the non Camellia sinensis teas “herbal teas” or “tisanes”. The “tisanes” are typically non-caffeinated brews.

Usually when we say the single word tea, we are talking about regular black tea. All other teas have two words to describe the type of tea, e.g., Masala Tea, Honey Dew Tea, Ginger Tea, Lemongrass Tea, Mint Tea, etc.
If you are in a foreign and want to order a tea, one of the three words (te, chay or cha) will get you a tea. What is called commonly tea may have a different way to brew and serve from country to country, but it will be a tea.

The name Camellia is the Latinized surname of the botanist Georg Kamel, and sinensis means Chinese in latin.

Interesting message in a teacup on the Alitalia flight from Rome to Verona last week.

Interesting message in a teacup on the Alitalia flight from Rome to Verona last week.

In the Mercado Publico (Public Market) in Porto Alegre, Brazil, teas are sold in small packages. They are called Chá, here the teas are labelled with the common name and some with the scientific name too.

In the Mercado Publico (Public Market) in Porto Alegre, Brazil, teas are sold in small packages. They are called Chá, here the teas are labelled with the common name and some with the scientific name too.

At the Spicy Market in Istanbul, Turkey the teas are called Çay and are sold bulk together with the spices

At the Spicy Market in Istanbul, Turkey the teas are called Çay and are sold bulk together with the spices

Tea shops near the Yu Garden, Shanghai, China

In the surroundings of the Yu Garden (aka as Yu Yang) in Shanghai there are many tea shops mostly for tourists that want to taste different teas and buy some for use or as a gift. For many people this is the first time they experience the Chinese teas. The shop area is an old part of the town that keeps the traditional buildings in very good shape and clean.

Typical street view on the area near the Yu Garden. The traditional buildings on the foreground and the new constructions on the background create a nice cultural contrast

The tea quality is average to good, enough to be a nice drinkable tea. In the shops they always serve free tea. They make nice demonstrations on how to prepare and drink tea. Visitors sit around the table to enjoy the teas without obligation to buy. It is always fun to go to those stores and spend time tasting teas, also buying gifts, ceramic and utensils for tea making. There are always something to enjoy and learn.

In this nice store you can find all the ceramic and utensils to make tea. There are a significant price difference between the common and high quality items

Here are few pictures of a typical tea shop. The key area is a large wood table carved with multiple levels. The table has a place to brew the tea, serve and store all accessories for tea making. The water is heated with the electric kettle allowing to have always the water in the proper temperature for each type of tea. There are channels in the carved wood to collect the water spilled from the cups. The water is directed to small holes that convey the water to the bottom of the table where it is collected in a glass container.

Nice tea shop with the solid wood table and benches. The store is well lit

Top view of the table. The hot water bottle is on the left, the tea utensils on the middle and large tea can on the top right

The stores usually have many types of teas, ceramic pots and wood utensils. Most of them have everything needed for tea starters.
It is typical to have girls serving and selling tea. They are very polite, educated and speak good English. They have a reasonable knowledge of the teas and know how to sell pretty well. The tea packaging is very nice, either in nice boxes or cans.

The tea for sale are stored nicely on either metal or glass containers. The containers are tightly closed to avoid drying

Turkish Tea (çay) on the boat from Istanbul to Yalova, Turkey

We just crossed the Sea of Marmara from Istanbul to Yalova. It was a beautiful sunny day. The only Turkish tea (çay)in the boat was served in paper cups for safety reasons. But the advertisement continues on the traditional tulip cup.

The çay costs 1.25 Turkish Lira or about 0.70 US dollar


In the morning it is traditional to have the Turkish tea with simit, a crisp twisted ring bread covered with sesame seeds. The simit can be broken in pieces and eaten with the tea.

My friend Zek and I were enjoying the Turkish tea and simit on the Turkish way


While we were drinking tea we enjoyed the view and the seagulls happily flying…

The view of Istanbul from the back of the boat


Seagulls approach the boat to enjoy small bites of simit thrown in the air

Hu Xin Ting Tea House, Yu Garden, Shanghai. A traditional tea experience

The Hu Xin Ting (Huxing Ting) is probably the oldest teahouse in China. It is situated on the middle of a pond in the Yu Garden area (Yu Yuan Garden) in Shanghai.

The Hu Xin Ting Tea House is a landmark in Shanghai.

The name Hu Xin Ting means lake pavilion. Last month I had the opportunity to be there early morning to appreciate a nice green tea, have a quite time and take few pictures. During the day the place gets very crowded and there is a long waiting time for tea, particularly during the Summer months. The most popular teas are the Jasmin and flower teas. There is a small shop on the front where teas, cups, teapots and sets are sold at a reasonably good price.

Since 1996 I had the opportunity to visit few times this tea house. It seems that no change happened. The tea quality and service are excellent with the perfect atmosphere.The Hu Xin Ting is the must go place for tea aficionados.It has the quality and tradition needed to make it a unique experience.

The tea house is on the pond, connected to land with the Bridge of Nine Turnings. The pond has red and yellow carps plus lotus.The building has different sections with nice set ups and decorations. The round and rectangular tables are made of rose wood with marble tops. The open space provide a nice view of the small lake and garden.

The green tea is served with hot water directly to the leaves, not an optimal condition for brewing the green tea. The bottle of hot water is available for refill. The snacks are a mixture of sweet/sour dried fruits, hard salty tofu squares and quail eggs, which are a typical Chinese delicacy.

Traditional green tea setup. The snacks are quail eggs, dried fruits and squares of hard tofu. The rose wood and marble have been seasoned by the tea through the years.

The blue and white contrasts nicely with the red color of the walls, windows and surrounding buildings